American New Wave or The Hollywood Renaissance is the name of a movement in American film from the late 1960s to the early 1980s. A generation of young directors influenced the types of films produced in the US. In New Hollywood films, the film directors took the main role, instead of the studio, like before. The New Hollywood period was a period of revival. The Wild Buch, Easy Rider, Night of the Living Dead, Bonnie and Clyde, The Graduate are the best films of New Hollywood era, and Heaven’s Gate marks the end of the successful era.
In the 1960s, Old Hollywood lost money quickly. The French New Wave, Commedia all’Italiana, and the Spaghetti Western, from Europe and Japanese cinema, made a great change in the US. Michelangelo Antonioni’s Blowup made a splash in the US too. These changes set the scene for New Hollywood.
Bonnie and Clyde
The film defined the New Hollywood generation. Warren Beatty produced and starred the film. The director, Arthur Penn, combined violence and humor, and the result was a hit with audiences. The film won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actress and Best Cinematography.
Jack L. Warner, CEO of Warner Bros, hated the film. The newspaper notices were dismissive. The portrayal of violence and ambiguity regarding the moral values, divided critics. The film commercial success paved the way to original new films, such as Dog Day Afternoon, Taxi Driver, or Paper Moon.
The group of young filmmakers, directors, writers, and actors, changed the business from the producer-driven system to director-driven system. Seventies films show a tendency to combine classical Hollywood themes with Asian and European art. Seventies films ask for responses from spectators in an unconformable way, unlike typical Hollywood cinema. Seventies cinema stories had the potential to generate excitements and suspense.
Early New Hollywood films, like The Godfather, emerged organically as a function of the motivations, desires, and objectives of the central characters. From now on, the characters became plot functions. Directors created the films in isolated studios. The Motion Picture production code controlled the film’s content. A new system, realistic, replaced old inhabits.
Movies and actors of the era
New Hollywood filmmakers adhered to realism faster than their classical predecessors. European art films and Alfred Hitchcock creation inspired New Hollywood directors. The most important New Hollywood film is Who’s afraid of Virginia Woolf?, The Duelists, Annie Hall, Cabaret, Fat City, The Deer Hunter, Midnight Cowboy and the directors Woody Allen, George Lucas, Michelangelo Antonioni, Brian De Palma, James Cameron, Stanley Kubrick, David Lynch, Martin Scorsese, Ridley Scott, and Steven Spielberg. The list makes us dreaming about the best we ever saw. The actors are at the highest level we can imagine: Al Pacino, Robert Redford, Clint Eastwood, Danny DeVito, Paul Newman, Sigourney Weaver, Harrison Ford, Dustin Hoffman, Burt Reynolds, Diane Keaton, Candice Bergen, and Meryl Streep. Ans the list can continue with the greatest artist Hollywood ever had.