Hollywood is nothing strange or new to anyone in the world. It is the place where the American dream came alive and burst into the subconscious of everyone. The legendary Hollywood took birth in the early years of the 20th century and marked the rich innovation and history of the American society. The article explores the movies and phases of Hollywood which it hundergoneent over the years.
This decade is known as the birth of Hollywood and Cecil B DeMille’s The Squaw Man was the first movie made in the year 1914. During this era, DW Griffith had also directed his masterpieces- The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916). He along with other partners formed a company called United Artists. Hollywood was already synonymous with American cinema and glamorous lifestyle by then.
Till the last decade, the movies wea re silent cinema which featured the comedies of Chaplin, Keaton, and Lloyd. During this decade, the Academy of Motion Pictures and Sciences was formed. Sound and speech in the movies were invented in this decade and silent movies went out of business. Hollywood was also hit by the financial crisis of 1929 which posed severe problems for it.
Hollywood was recovering from the aftermaths of the Great Depression. The movie production improved during this decade, and the biggest turning point was the advent of technicolor in 1939. The year also saw some of the greatest movies made in Hollywood.
This decade was marked the by the production of war movies. The patriotic war movies made good business. They depicted the Japanese and Germans as evil and Americans as heroes. This genre enjoyed great box-office success, though it lost out on some important foreign markets.
It was a challenging decade for Hollywood due to the advent of television. They had to compete with TV and lost out the on core audience. Hollywood got back with bigger screens, improved production, and 3D technology.
America was divided by the Vietnam war and during this decade Hollywood was facing stiff competition from European competition. The European movies were more innovative, imaginative, and better regulated compared to the censored Hollywood. Hollywood took steps to replace the production code with a more liberal self-regulation system.
Hollywood continued to flourish during this decade. They took inspiration and learning from European cinema and made some of the biggest Hollywood blockbusters during the decade.
Robert Redford created the Sundance Institute in Utah, to promo the making of independent movies. It appeared as if there will be parallel movie institutions in America, with the Hollywood making commercial and mass movies and the institute making offbeat cinemas.
The 1990s was marked by the return of animation movies. The decade also san aw emergence of horror movies and romantic genre movies.
This decade carried on the legacy of the previous decades. The five of the eight biggest studios, which dominated the golden age of Hollywood still continue to be strong. The decade saw the introduction of new special effects, computer animations, VFX etc. This era has also been marked by a growing convergence of Hollywood and TV.